A Protocol for Solutions to DP-Complete Problems through Tissue Membrane Systems

TitleA Protocol for Solutions to DP-Complete Problems through Tissue Membrane Systems
Publication TypeJournal Papers
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsOrellana-Martín, D., Ramírez-de-Arellano A., Andreu-Guzmán J. A., Romero-Jiménez Á., & Pérez-Jiménez M. J.
Journal TitleMathematics
Date Published06/2023

Considering a class R comprising recognizer membrane systems with the capability of providing polynomial-time and uniform solutions for NP-complete problems (referred to as a “presumably efficient” class), the corresponding polynomial-time complexity class PMCR encompasses both the NP and co-NP classes. Specifically, when R represents the class of recognizer presumably efficient cell-like P systems that incorporate object evolution rules, communication rules, and dissolution rules, PMCR includes both the DP and co-DP classes. Here, DP signifies the class of languages that can be expressed as the difference between any two languages in NP (it is worth noting that NP ⊆ DP and co-NP⊆co-DP). As DP-complete problems are believed to be more complex than NP-complete problems, they serve as promising candidates for studying the P vs. NP problem. This outcome has previously been established within the realm of recognizer P systems with active membranes. In this paper, we extend this result to encompass any class R of presumably efficient recognizer tissue-like membrane systems by presenting a detailed protocol for transforming solutions of NP-complete problems into solutions of DP-complete problems.

ISSN Number2227-7390